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Blog Post: Security Risks The CISO Should Be Aware Of

Today’s modern technology makes us more vulnerable, and security risks are constantly increasing. There are many things that an CISO needs to be aware of to prevent vulnerabilities from being exploited for a cyber attack – something that can have huge consequences for both business and society. We outline six important security risks you should be aware of!

Technological dependence creates security risks

The world is more dependent on technology than ever. Businesses and authorities store a lot of data on computers and send it over open networks to other computers. Many systems are interconnected and, as digitization continues, more and more systems will be interconnected.

Digitization is not only positive, it also means that we are becoming more vulnerable. Different entities and their underlying systems have vulnerabilities that can undermine the well-being and goals of an organization. And the problem is, the vulnerabilities are used for cyber attacks.

What can the lack of information security lead to?

Lack of information security can have consequences such as the inability of the business to be conducted appropriately and effectively, lack of protection of personal integrity, and disruption of socially important activities.

Deficiencies in information systems can also affect physical assets. Damage to critical infrastructure can have fatal consequences. Incidents that lead to the inability or destruction of these systems and assets can lead to serious crises affecting financial systems, public health, national security, or combinations thereof.

It can also lead to a deterioration of trust in the services and the underlying actors. Serious and repeated disruptions can lead to crises of confidence, which can also spread to more actors and services as well as to other sectors.

Learn more about information security and why it is so important!

Security risks you should be aware of

1. Remote control of systems

Many organizations depend on remote access through RDP, such as for vendors to perform maintenance or for operations personnel to monitor an installation. Sometimes general connections such as IPsec or TLS are used to connect remote computer networks. In terms of computer security, such connections mean that the two systems are exposed to the sum of threats that apply to one of the two systems. It also means that there are risks of incorrect configuration and implementation bugs.

Secure remote access addresses many of the security risks that are otherwise associated with such solutions – learn more in our description of solutions!

2. Integration of IT / OT systems

Operational Technology (OT) is a term that includes all of the subsystems necessary to control and monitor a physical process, such as a power plant or factory. IT refers to the business and office systems that most organizations use. Digitization means that IT and OT systems have to be connected, and often the same type of technology is used in IT and OT. The different IT and OT needs easily lead to technical conflicts which can be difficult to manage.

With secure solutions, you can maintain accessibility and at the same time increase security – learn how to integrate IT / OT!

3. Traceability and logging of security sensitive operations

Most computer systems generate logs that allow for troubleshooting and traceability. To get the most out of these logs, it is important to combine logs from as many systems as possible in a chronological list.

If you have security-sensitive or zoned systems and you want to implement centralized logging, you need to resolve an inherent conflict of objectives. Logging benefits from a shared system for all zones / subsystems, but a shared system also increases the risk of attacks. To reduce risk, a a solution is required which protects both log information and all connected systems!

4. Transmission of SCADA information

For many years, companies using SCADA systems have gradually become automated. At the same time, systems have become more and more complex and control more and more socially critical functions. This makes them more vulnerable and the challenge will be to continue to digitize in a secure manner. At the same time, the need to transfer information to other networks increases in order to be able to work efficiently.

However, the transfer of socially critical information, for example from a SCADA system to a network of administrative offices, involves potential security risks. Here, secure solutions are needed that take care of the security issues and at the same time allow an exchange of information – learn more about one of our solutions at secure transfer of SCADA information!

5. Updates

Since the beginning with Windows and / or Linux based systems, the need to be able to update these systems has increased. This need is because complex software often contains bugs that must be fixed to ensure system stability.

But making these updates is something that in itself can pose a security risk if not done correctly. The integrity and availability of systems must be maintained and most system updates are not normally sufficiently evaluated in the environment in which they are used or in combination with running applications.

To avoid risks and maintain the integrity and availability of systems and be able to perform secure updates, special solutions are needed – learn more about them here!

6. Safety culture

Today, cybersecurity is not only a technical challenge but also a human challenge – it is a question of security culture. Criminals don’t always use only technical loopholes but often rely on people to access sensitive data and the human factor is therefore the main cause of the most serious security breaches. Building and maintaining a strong security culture is therefore an extremely important part of working with cybersecurity.

To become better at the culture of safety, attitudes and behaviors must change. The organization should view cybersecurity and security culture as a business-critical activity and not as an isolated IT problem – it is also important that top management prioritize the problem. What should define working with safety culture is to think of safety as something that enables work, it does not hinder it.

Learn more about how to improve your safety culture. here!

In our customer cases, you can learn more about the challenges our customers have faced and how Advenica solutions have increased the level of cybersecurity, improved threat preparedness, and given the customer better security visibility.

If you would like to learn more about how security solutions can secure your information and protect your business from cyber attacks, you are welcome to Contact us!

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